Lusaka is the capital and one of the fastest-developing cities in Southern Africa. The City of Lusaka is situated in the central part of Zambia on the Central African Plateau and lies at an altitude of 1280m above sea level. The co-ordinates for Lusaka are 280-10’ east of the Greenwich meridian and 150-30’ south of the Equator. The district has a surface area of 360 square kilometres.
Lusaka district shares district boundaries with Chongwe in the east, Mumbwa in the west, Chisamba in the north and Chilanga district in the south. The central position of the City has made it to be one of the most important economic hub of Zambia as it provides the market for the absorption of the agriculture produce from all provinces.
The City of Lusaka also constitutes the centre of national and social amenities such as University Teaching Hospital (UTH), University of Zambia (UNZA), National Resource Development College (NRDC), and National Administration (Cabinet), government ministries and provincial heads offices. It is also a seat of all diplomatic missions accredited to Zambia.
Population distribution
According to the 2010 Census Report, the population density for Lusaka Province was 100.1 persons per square kilo- metre. The population density increased from 63.5 persons per square kilometer in 2000 to 100.1 persons per square kilometer in 2010, representing an increase in density of 36.6 persons per square kilometre. This section describes the demographic status of Lusaka district. In terms of population growth at district level, Lusaka
has the highest population growth rate 4.9%, followed by Kafue district in Lusaka province.